Hi, this is your prof from Indica Institute
with another lesson to help guide you with
your cannabis home grow.
Visit me at Indica Institute or my YouTube
channel for cannabis related courses, lessons,
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I hope you like this lesson, and please comment
with any requests for future videos.
Hi and welcome to my tips and tricks guide
on how to grow cannabis outdoors.
The objective of this lesson is to learn what
to think about before and during the growth
of your cannabis plants outdoors, such as
temperature, light, garden location, strain,
soil, fertilizer, containers, water and protection.
This video is a complementary video to my
10 part series “How To Grow Cannabis Indoors”,
a link to which can be found in the description
For a basic step by step guide to growing
from germination to harvest, watch my 10 part
series first – then finish off your learning
by adjusting the components I cover in this
video for a successful outdoor grow.
All links mentioned in this video can be found
in the video description, along with a link
to Indica Institute where you can find a growing
list of cannabis related courses and recommendations
for your grow.
Firstly, unless you are considering growing
an autoflowering strain, you will need to
plant your seeds in spring for the best results.
Keep your seedlings inside for the first 3-4
weeks before you bring them outside to transplant
or keep overnight.
This is because seedlings are more susceptible
to cold, humidity and pests when they are
young, so keeping them inside will help your
plants grow without added complications or
the threat of death.
As your plants grow through the vegetative
stage, keep an eye out for males and deal
with them accordingly.
As far as temperature ranges, cannabis plants
grow optimally between the temperatures of
30 and 12 degrees celsius, or 85 and 55 degrees
Anything above or below these temperatures
and you run the risk of damaging your plant.
A day above or below this range is okay, but
too many days outside of this comfort zone
and your plants could damage to the point
of a significant yield deficit, or it could
For lighting, your plants will need at least
4 to 6 hours of direct sunlight daily for
the best results.
The more direct light it has, the more your
plant will thrive.
Keep in mind how much daylight you get where
you live, as this could have serious effects
on your plant and mess with its photoperiodic
If fall has hit and your plants are still
deep in the vegetative cycle this does not
bode well for your results at harvest.
Consider that photoperiodic plants will require
a light switch to around 12-12 in order to
activate the flowering stage of its life cycle.
Additionally, light pollution or leakage that
would affect the night slumber of the plant
can throw off the plants cycle as well.
A good resource to tap into for information
like this would be neighbours who are growing
vegetables and other photoperiodic plants,
so you can get an idea of how they manage
with the daylight patterns of your living
It’s worth noting that determining light
patterns in your area will be irrelevant for
those growers who plan to harvest autoflowering
It’s a great option for outdoor growers
for this reason, as it eliminates a major
consideration, and also allows you to plant
your seeds at different points and seasons
of the year without a negative impact on the
plants or their yields.
Another big consideration for outdoor growers
is whether to plant in containers, or in the
There are benefits to both, though it depends
on your preferences which you pick.
Planting directly in the ground allows your
plants to grow as freely as they desire, which
results in large root structures, and therefore
larger plants as a result.
Additionally, plants that are rooted in the
ground have their roots naturally temperature
controlled, while plants in pots run the risk
of overheating if sitting in direct sunlight
for too long.
Placing your plants in large pots on the other
hand, allows you to control what your plant
grows in, makes your plants much more mobile,
there is no digging is required, supplemental
nutrients will be much more effective, and
pots can be placed anywhere – on your deck,
patio, or even indoors if a storm threatens
to come in.
The ability to move your plants also means
you can track the sun pattern in your backyard
so your plants get the most direct daylight
One thing to keep in mind though is if you
decide to pot your plants, they will likely
grow smaller than if they were planted in
If you’re looking for larger plants, consider
10 gallon pots – though the constraint of
a smaller 5 or 7 gallon pot can be beneficial
for those trying to keep their grow a bit
The placement of your garden is critical to
its growth and long-standing health.
This is especially the case if you decide
to plant your seeds in the ground, as you
then won’t be able to move them.
Keep track of the sun patterns throughout
the day in your backyard, and make sure to
choose a location for your plants that gets
at least 4 to 6 hours of direct sunlight.
You should also choose a spot that gets a
bit of a breeze, but nothing too crazy that
it could damage your plant.
For this reason you should consider placing
your plants near some sort of windbreak – natural
or otherwise – such as bushes or a fence.
Placing your plant near a windbreak will also
help keep your grow safe from peering eyes
or those considering dropping in to take your
plant around harvest time.
If this isn’t an option for you, there are
cheap greenhouses with translucent walls available
for purchase all over the internet.
If peering eyes or stranger danger is a threat
to you, definitely consider heavy plant growth
management through training.
Check out my series of videos on cannabis
plant training for more on this.
A link to this series of videos can be found
in the video description below.
It’s important to consider what strain you
want to grow outside, as some strains do better
in certain climates than others – due to inadequate
light, temperature conditions, aridity and
It’s for this reason that many young growers
tend to choose autoflowering versions of their
favourite strains – so there is one less variable
to deal with.
Regardless of lighting conditions autoflowering
plants will enter flowering mode automatically,
and typically within a 3 month time period,
This also means harvest comes faster and growers
are less constrained by when they need to
germinate their seeds.
While looking for strains to grow, also do
your research on strains that are specifically
bred to grow outdoors.
These strains do exist, and they tend to ease
the challenges many growers face when growing
Another consideration many first time growers
overlook is the quality of their soil, and
what could be living in it.
Depending on where you live, your soil could
not be the greatest for cannabis plant growth.
This is not to say that it will not grow – cannabis
is quite a resilient plant – it just means
you may not be getting the best results in
terms of growth patterns, yield size, or even
If you do plan to grow directly in the ground
consider looking into the soil composition,
otherwise you run the risk of having to overcome
nutrient deficiency, water drainage issues
and other problems.
When planting directly in the ground dig a
hole about 3 feet by 3 feet, and fill it with
an amended version of soil so you give yourself
the best chance of avoiding complications.
Consider planting in super soil as well, so
you don’t need to use nutrient supplements.
Check out my video on how to make super soil
for more on this topic.
Find a link to this video in the description
When purchasing fertilizer or nutrients for
your plants make sure to avoid long release
When your plant switches from vegetative to
flowering and requires a new nutrient composition
this will become a problem.
Go to your local hydroponics store to pick
up the proper solutions, or check out my website
for some options.
Do consider organic fertilizers that are rich
in nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus, such
as bat guano, fish meal, blood meal, bone
meal or kelp meal.
If you are just starting out, use a small
amount to begin with and slowly add more with
time if it proves not to be enough.
It is much easier to add more than take it
away after the fact.
Track the weather and rain patterns for your
plant, but it is likely you will need to give
them supplemental waterings on a regular basis.
Larger plants can guzzle water at an extraordinary
rate in the peak of summer heat.
In regularly hot, arid climates water your
plants in the morning so they have enough
to get through the day.
In these conditions its worth considering
adding a water absorptive additive to your
soil to help promote water retention and prevent
The opposite is true in rainy climates – you
should work to improve drainage by using raised
beds, digging ditches that direct water away
from your garden and adding additives to your
soil mixture such as gravel or perlite.
Don’t forget to test the pH of your water
source, and ensure there is not too much chlorine
in your tap water which can kill microorganisms
in the soil that are beneficial to your soil
One big thing to remember is NOT to overwater
This is a typical mistake of most beginners.
Wait until the top 2 inches of soil is dry
before considering another watering.
Generally, mid range temperature climates
will demand a watering every second or third
day, though once the plants get bigger this
will become a daily chore for you.
The last consideration for your outdoor grow
is protection of your plants.
The main things you need to protect your plants
from extreme temperature fluctuations, rain,
wind and pests.
Pay attention to forecasts and be prepared
to bring your plants in if temperatures dip
below 5 degrees Celsius or 40 degrees Fahrenheit.
Set up wind breaks beside your plants in the
case of a windy climate, or potential incoming
Rain is beneficial for watering, though it
is not beneficial for regular direct contact
– especially during the flowering stage.
Regular exposure to rain can cause mold, mildew
and bud rot.
Your best bet is to grow your plants in a
greenhouse, or throw up a sheet or tarp when
rain is incoming.
As far as pests, expect more on this topic
in my upcoming videos of 2020.
Until then though, expect a pestering from
anything from mites to caterpillars to deer.
Keeping your plants healthy is the best solution
for your smaller pests, and keeping your cannabis
plants far from your fruit and veggie garden.
Pests can spread easily if kept too close
to your food garden.
Keep an eye out, be vigilant and look into
either organic pesticides or beneficial insects
that can be natural combatants, such as Rove
So in Review, when growing cannabis outdoors,
make sure you plant in spring, unless you
plan to grow autoflowering strains – in which
case it doesn’t matter when you start growing.
Keep plants indoors for the first few weeks
before transplanting them outdoors.
Pay attention to temperature fluctuations.
Anything over 30 or under 12 degrees celsius
can be damaging over long period of time,
or during specifically vulnerable periods
of the plant life cycle.
Plants will need 4-6 hours of direct sunlight
each day, though the more the merrier.
Consider night time lighting patterns as well,
especially during the flowering stage – as
light pollution in cities can tamper with
the plants ability to properly enter the flowering
Weigh the pros and cons of growing in the
ground vs pots, and prepare accordingly.
If you decide to grow in the ground, make
sure to take into account backyard lighting
patterns, wind patterns in your area and the
visibility of your garden.
Deciding which strain to grow should be your
Some plants don’t bode well in certain climates
while others will thrive.
It’s also a great benefit to grow autoflowering
strains as it eliminates a tricky variable.
Be sure to test and manage your soil and fertilizer,
using the tips I give in my soil videos to
provide the best environment for your plant’s
Water and rain can wreak havoc on your plants,
so track rain patterns in your area and protect
your plants from potential mold, mildew and
bud rot issues down the road.
Finally, protect your plants – especially
from intruders and pests.
Keeping them in a greenhouse is a great idea,
though if this is not an option look out for
my video on pest control in the early new
I hope you found this installment of my course
For more cannabis related courses or recommendations
on the best grow products out there, visit
me at Indica Institute or subscribe to my
If you have any comments or suggestions for
a new video, be sure to join the discussion
in the comment feed below.
Please like and share this video, and as always,
thank you for listening!
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